Normal ageing

by Dr Stephen De Souza and reviewed by Dr Gareth Thomas


Normal ageingLearning outcomes:


By the end of this module you should be able to:


  • describe some of the physiological changes commonly seen with ageing


  • describe some of the changes in cognition associated with normal ageing as well as with more pathological ageing


  • name the stages of grief, as described by Kübler-Ross, and understand their relevance to grief


  • outline the losses potentially faced by older adults as they age


  • reflect on how these changes might influence diagnosis, management and outcomes for your patients.


Start the module

If you like this module, you may also be interested in:


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The development of temperament by Dr Xanthe Barkla


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Download take-home notes to print and annotateDownload take-home notes to print and annotate


Key readingKey reading: selected texts to read with this module


The exam syllabus

Exam syllabus 

© 2020 Royal College of Psychiatrists