The development of temperament

by Dr Xanthe Barkla and reviewed by Dr Helen Bruce


The development of temperamentLearning outcomes:


By the end of this module, you should gain a greater knowledge of the following:


  • what temperament is and the three different types


  • the New York Longitudinal Study (NYLS) by Thomas and Chess


  • the concept of ‘goodness of fit’, relating temperament to parent-child relationships


  • the stability of temperament and its impact on the evolution of character and personality


  • the concepts of childhood vulnerability and resilience, so you can begin to practise skills in psychiatric formulation, taking into account vulnerability and resilience


  • Piaget’s stages of cognitive development, and the key findings at each of the four stages


  • the relevance of different stages of cognitive development to communication with children and adults


  • common fears in childhood and adolescence


  • the criteria for diagnosis of ICD-10 disorders in children related to fears.


Start the module


If you like this module, you may also be interested in:


Learning theory by Dr Hayley K Andrews


Personality by Dr Georgios Mikellides and Ms Yiasemina Ioannidou


British Journal of Psychiatry


Related BJPsych articles


Download take-home notes to print and annotateDownload take-home notes to print and annotate


Key readingKey reading: selected texts to read with this module


The exam syllabus

Exam syllabus 

© 2020 Royal College of Psychiatrists