By the end of this module, we hope you will be able to:
- describe the influence of genetic and environmental factors on
- identify and explain the main models and theories proposed in
order to outline how development occurs (including cognitive and
- outline the main methodologies used in the study of
- define and describe cross-sectional studies, cohort and
longitudinal studies and their role in studying development (using
- apply the knowledge gained and be able to focus on an area of
development to study, whilst choosing the most appropriate method
to study it
- list the pros and cons of
using different study methodologies.
In this module we will explore
the basic frameworks for conceptualising development. This includes
consideration of the roles of genetics and environment, and how
these may vary depending on the trait or condition.
We will also look at how the timing of adverse
life experiences can impact on development, and how environmental
factors can have both protective and detrimental effects. To set
the idea of development in context, we will examine some of the
theories proposed about how we develop through childhood into
Finally, we will give an overview of the
methodologies used to study development and why you may choose to
use a particular method.
We hope you enjoy this module and feel
inspired to learn more through the further reading included at the
end of the module.
We recommend that you make some notes as you work through
The 'TrOn Notebook' facility can be accessed
throughout the module (allowing you to make notes on each page),
and these notes will be saved in your personal area 'My TrOn', for
future reference. However, you will not be able to print these
notes as one single document.
If you would prefer to make your notes in a
separate document you may wish to download the 'learning notes'
below. This downloadable Word document will allow you to keep a
personalised record of your learning, which you can then save
and/or print for future reference.
Download the learning notes document for this module