By the end of this module, you should be able to:
- define perception, sensation, illusions, and both top-down and
- name the key Gestalt psychologists
- list six laws of Gestalt perception
- name two famous optical illusions, and explain why they
- describe the key points along the central visual and
- define the ‘critical period’ in visual development
- identify the ages at which key visual processes develop in
humans including depth perception, visual acuity and colour vision
- describe two to three neuroanatomical findings in auditory
- explain two to three neurotransmitter changes in auditory
- state two to three cognitive theories on auditory
If I stopped to think through all of the many complex,
interconnected (as well as distinct) pathways and processes that
enable me to sit here and type out this first paragraph, I wouldn’t
get much typing done. Thinking only of what I see, ignoring
the abundance of other sensory information bombarding me at
any given moment, I am somehow able to focus on a computer, which
is apparently sitting still on a table. I am aware of potential
distractions in the periphery, but can still concentrate on the
screen and direct my hands to type out these words, which I somehow
perceive to be ‘words’.
After two centuries of study, we are still debating the exact
processes underlying perception and its disturbance (for example,
auditory hallucinations). Much of the basic science and theories we
will encounter in this module are those driving the latest exciting
multidisciplinary research in this area.
We recommend that you make some notes as you work through
The 'TrOn Notebook' facility can be accessed
throughout the module (allowing you to make notes on each page),
and these notes will be saved in your personal area 'My TrOn', for
future reference. However, you will not be able to print these
notes as one single document.
If you would prefer to make your notes in a
separate document you may wish to download the 'learning notes'
below. This downloadable Word document will allow you to keep a
personalised record of your learning, which you can then save
and/or print for future reference.
the learning notes document for this module