Basic genetics

Learning outcomes:


By the end of the module, we hope that you will be able to:


  • describe the basic structure of the cell and the different types of cell division


  • categorise chromosome abnormalities into those of structure and number


  • break down the structure of DNA, RNA and genes and the characteristics of protein synthesis via transcription and translation


  • categorise mutations based on their effect on DNA structure as well as function


  • illustrate the difference between genotype and phenotype and gene distribution in a population


  • define the laws of Mendelian genetics and the characteristics of single gene disorders


  • explain the inheritance of diseases that do not follow Mendelian laws


  • outline the structure of the genome including the categories of repetitive DNA.


Start the module


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