TrOn References

We have collated the 'key reading' references from our modules into one list on this page.


Each module contains 1-3 items of 'key reading'  journal articles, websites, book chapters  to assist your revision for the MRCPsych examinations in combination with the content of the module.


The 'key reading' is identified by our module authors.



A brief introduction to the history of psychiatry


Brodie R (2015) Mary Ainsworth and Attachment Theory. Child Development Media (CDM) website. [full article and video]


Burns T (2006) Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction, ch.2. Oxford University Press.


Cowen P, Harrison P, Burns T (2012) Shorter Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (6th edn), ch. 21. Oxford University Press.


Porter R (2002) Madness: A Brief History. Oxford University Press. [Google books]


Pridmore S (2004) Madness of Psychiatry: For the general reader. Special publication of the German Journal of Psychiatry. [PDF]


Thompson C (ed) (1987) The Origins of Modern Psychiatry. John Wiley and Sons Publications.



Adaptations in adult life


Arnett JJ (2000) Emerging adulthood: a theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55: 469–480. [PDF]


Boyd D, Bee H (2014) Lifespan Development, Global Edition (7th edn). Pearson. [booksprice comparison]


Brockington I (2012) Obstetric and gynaecological conditions associated with psychiatric disorder: the psychiatry of pregnancy. In New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, ch.5.4. Oxford University Press. [booksprice comparison]


Gelder M, Andreasen N, Lopez-Ibor J (eds), et al (2012) Medical sociology and issues of aetiology. In New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. [booksprice comparison]



Adolescence and sexual development


Lewis M (2003) Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A Comprehensive Textbook (3rd edn), pp. 203–207, 263–272, 274–284, 332–341. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Sadock B, Sadock V, Ruiz P (2009) Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, pp. 2034, 2074–2076, 3356–3365. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.



Adverse drug reactions


Doran CM (2013) Prescribing Mental Health Medication: the Practitioner's Guide (2nd edn), pp. 275–319. Routledge. [booksprice comparison]


NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) (2013) Adverse drug reactions: clinical knowledge summaries. [website]


Taylor DM, Barnes TRE, Young AH (2018) The Maudsley Prescribing Guidelines in Psychiatry (13th edn). Wiley-Blackwell. [booksprice comparison



A social history of mental health institutions


Cowen P, Harrison P (2012) Shorter Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, ch. 21. Oxford University Press.


Rogers A, Pilgrim D (2005) A sociology of mental health and illness. Open University Press.





Bandura A, Ross D, Ross SA (1961) Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63: 575–582. [full text]


Eastman N, Adshead G, Fox S, et al (2012) Forensic Psychiatry (Oxford Specialist Handbooks in Psychiatry), ch.2. Oxford University Press.


Huesmann LR, Moise-Titus J, Podolski CL, et al (2003) Longitudinal relations between children’s exposure to TV violence and their aggressive and violent behavior in young adulthood: 1977–1992. Developmental Psychology, 39: 201–221. [PDF]





Cook K, Rice E (2006) Social Exchange Theory. In Handbook of Social Psychology (ed J Delamater), pp. 53–76. Springer.


Scott N, Seglow J (2007) Altruism. Open University Press.



Attention and information processing


Armstrong T, Olatunji BO (2009) What they see is what you get: eye tracking of attention in the anxiety disorders. American Psychological Association. [full text]


Kent G, Turpin G (1999) Attention and information processing: applications to schizophrenia. In Psychology for Psychiatrists (eds. D Gupta and R Gupta), ch. 3. John Wiley & Sons.


Posner MI, Petersen SE (1990) The attention system of the human brain. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 13: 25–42. [PDF]


Tryssenaar J, Goldberg J (1994) Improving attention in a person with schizophrenia. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 61: 198–205. [PDF]





Bohner G, Dickel N (2011) Attitudes and attitude change. Annual Review of Psychology, 62: 391–417. [abstract]


Cherry K (2015) Attitudes: attitudes and behavior. About Health. [website]


Gupta DS, Gupta RM (2000) Psychology for Psychiatrists, ch. 19, pp.376–383. John Wiley & Sons.


Martin GN, Carlson NR, Buskist W (2007) Psychology (3rd edn), pp.709–719. Pearson Education. 


McLeod S (2014) Attitudes and behavior. Simply Psychology. [website]  



Basic principles of criminology and penology


Clark T, Rooprai DS (2011) Practical Forensic Psychiatry, ch. 7, pp. 14–20. CRC Press.


Gelder M, Harrison P, Cowen P (2006) Shorter Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (5th edn), pp. 729–755. Oxford University Press.


Joyce P (2012) Criminology: A Complete Introduction (3rd edn). Teach Yourself Press.


Maguire M, Morgan R, Reiner R (2012) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (5th edn). Oxford University Press.


Puri B, Hall A (2004) Revision Notes in Psychiatry (2nd edn), pp. 132–135, 569–574. Oxford University Press.



Basic genetics


Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, et al (2008) Molecular Biology of the Cell (5th edn). Garland Science.


Nurnberger Jr JI, Berrettini WH (eds) (2012) Principles of Psychiatric Genetics. Cambridge University Press.


Turnpenny PD, Ellard S (2012) Emery’s Elements of Medical Genetics (14th edn). Churchill Livingstone.



Basic principles of visual and auditory perception


Benson N (2007) Introducing Psychology: a Graphic Guide to Your Mind and Behaviour, pp. 95–101. Icon.


Crossman AR, Neary D (2014) Neuroanatomy: an Illustrated Colour Text (5th edn), pp. 155–160. Churchill Livingstone.


Gross R (2010) Psychology: the Science of Mind and Behaviour (6th edn), pp. 224–241. Hodder Education.


Kandel ER, Schwartz JH, Jessell TM (2012) Principles of Neural Science (5th edn), ch. 25–26, 28. McGraw-Hill Medical.


Waters F, Allen P, Aleman A, et al (2012) Auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia and nonschizophrenia populations: a review and integrated model of cognitive mechanisms. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 38: 683‒693. [full text]



Chromosomal abnormalities and inherited conditions in psychiatry


Ball D, Collier D (2002) Substance misuse. In Psychiatric Genetics and Genomics (eds P McGuffin, MJ Owen, II Gottesman), pp. 267–302. Oxford University Press.


Cardno A, McGuffin P (2002) Quantitative genetics. In Psychiatric Genetics and Genomics (eds P McGuffin, MJ Owen, II Gottesman), pp. 31–53. Oxford University Press.


Jones I, Kent L, Craddock N (2002) Genetics of affective disorders. In Psychiatric Genetics and Genomics (eds P McGuffin, MJ Owen, II Gottesman), pp. 211–245. Oxford University Press.


Kendler KS, O’Donovan MC (2014) A breakthrough in schizophrenia genetics. JAMA Psychiatry, 71: 1319–1320. [first page]


Owen MJ, O’Donovan MC, Gottesman II (2002) Schizophrenia. In Psychiatric Genetics and Genomics (eds P McGuffin, MJ Owen, II Gottesman), pp. 247–266. Oxford University Press.


Read A, Donnai D (2011) New Clinical Genetics (2nd edn), pp. 106–108 (Huntington’s disease), pp. 346–348 (Alzheimer’s disease), pp. 190–195 (Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes), pp. 25–54/ch. 2 (chromosomal abnormalities), pp. 38–41 (Down’s syndrome), p. 82 (fragile X). Scion Publishing Ltd.



Clinical genetics


Dean K, Murray RM (2005) Environmental risk factors for psychosis. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 7: 69–80. [full text]


Kirov G, Rees E, Walters J (2015) What a psychiatrist needs to know about copy number variants. BJPsych Advances, 21: 157–163. [summary]


Owen MJ, Sawa A, Mortensen PB (2016) Schizophrenia. The Lancet, 388: 86–97. [summary]



Conceptualising and studying development


Graue EM, Walsh DJ (1998) Studying Children in Context: Theories, Methods, and Ethics. Sage. [abstract]


Isaksen JG (1986) Watching and Wondering: Observing and Recording Child Development. Mayfield.


Lancy DF (2001) Studying Children and Schools: Qualitative Research Traditions. Waveland Press. [booksprice comparison]


Sternberg RJ (2012) Intelligence. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 14: 19–27. [full text] (a useful summary of how intelligence has been studied and conceptualised over the years, along with discussion around the available evidence for both genetic and environment factors in the development of intelligence)


Turk (2017) Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A developmental approach. Oxford University Press. [booksprice comparison]


Vasta R (1979) Studying Children: An Introduction to Research Methods. WH Freeman. [booksprice comparison]





LeDoux J (1996) The Emotional Brain, pp. 42–64,104–125. Simon & Schuster.


Gross R (2005) Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behaviour (5th edn), ch. 10, pp.156–169. Hodder Arnold.



Ethics and philosophy in psychiatry


Gelder M, Harrison P, Cowen P (2006) Shorter Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (5th edn), pp. 69–79. Oxford University Press.


Royal College of Psychiatrists (2014) Good Psychiatric Practice: Code of Ethics (CR186). Royal College of Psychiatrists. [PDF]


Zigmond T (2014) A clinician’s brief guide to the Mental Health Act (3rd edn). RCPsych Publications. [website]



Family life in relation to major mental illness


Kuipers E, Leff J, Lam D (2002) Family Work for Schizophrenia: A Practical Guide (2nd edn), pp. 1–9, 78–81. Royal College of Psychiatrists.


NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) (2014) Psychosis and schizophrenia in adults: treatment and management (NICE clinical guideline 178). NICE. [full text]


Puri B, Hall A, Ho R (2013) Revision Notes in Psychiatry (3rd edn), pp. 120–121, 360, 369. CRC Press.


Sartorius N, Leff J, López-Ibor JJ, et al (2005) Families and Mental Disorders (1st edn), pp. preface, 1–17, 113–123, 217–229. Wiley.



Family relationships


Bick E (1968) The experience of the skin in early object relations. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 42: 484–6. [abstract]


Birch A, Malim T (1998) Developmental psychology: from infancy to adulthood (Introductory Psychology Series), ch. 2, pp. 7–12. Palgrave MacMillan.


Bowlby J (1969) The child's tie to his mother. In Attachment and Loss: Vol. 1: Loss, pp. 178–198. Basic Books.



General principles of clinical psychopharmacology


Preston JD, O’Neal JH, Talaga MC (2013) Handbook of Clinical Psychopharmacology (7th edn). New Harbinger Publications.


Schatzberg AF, Cole JO, DeBattista C (2010) Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology (7th edn). American Psychiatric Publishing.


Schatzberg AF, Nemeroff CB (2013) Essentials of Clinical Psychopharmacology (3rd edn). American Psychiatric Publishing.


Stahl SM (2013) Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology (4th edn). Cambridge University Press.


Taylor D, Paton C, Kapur S (2012) The Maudsley Prescribing Guidelines in Psychiatry (11th edn). Wiley-Blackwell.



Intergroup behaviour


Argyle M (1994) The Psychology of Interpersonal Behaviour (5th edn), pp. 166–198. Penguin.


Steg L, Buunk AP, Rothengatter T (2008) Applied Social Psychology: Understanding and Managing Social Problems, pp. 274–299. Cambridge University Press.



Interpersonal issues


Birtchnell J (1996) How humans relate: A new interpersonal theory. Psychology Press.


Birtchnell J, Newberry M,  Kalaitzaki A (2016) Relating Theory: Clinical and Forensic Applications. Palgrave Macmillan.


Gross R (2010) Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior (6th edn), pp. 336–340; 354–363. Hodder Education.


Hogg MA, Vaughan GM (2010) Social Psychology (6th edn), pp. 80–109. Prentice Hall.


Leone C, Hawkins LB (2006) Self-monitoring and close relationships. Journal of personality, 74: 739–778. [abstract]


Munafo M (2002) Psychology for the MRCPsych (2nd edn), pp. 69–75. CRC Press.



Learning theory


Gleitman H, Gross J, Reisberg D (2010) Psychology (8th edn), ch.7. Norton.


McCleod, SA (2007) Behaviourist approach. [website]


McCleod, SA (2007) Classical conditioning. [website]


Tantum D, Birchwood M (1994) The Royal College of Psychiatrists Seminar Series: Seminars in Psychology and the Social Sciences (2nd edn), ch.2. Royal College of Psychiatrists.





David AS, Fleminger S, Kopelman MD, et al (2012) Lishman’s Organic Psychiatry: A Textbook of Neuropsychiatry (4th edn), Wiley-Blackwell.


Gross R (2010) Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behaviour (6th edn), pp. 256–274. Hodder Education.


Hodges JR (2007) Cognitive Assessment for Clinicians, pp. 6–21.Oxford University Press.


Thambirajah MS (2005) Psychological Basis of Psychiatry, pp. 157–180. Elsevier.



Motivation: needs and drives


Gupta DS, Gupta RM (2000) Psychology for Psychiatrists (1st edn), ch. 7: Motivation, ch. 8: Stress and Emotion. Whurr Publishers.


Johnstone EC, Owens DC (2010) Companion to Psychiatric Studies (8th edn) ch. 2: Functional Neuroanatomy: Frontosubcortical loops and the limbic system. Churchill Livingstone.


Holt N, Bremner A, Sutherland E, at al (2012) Psychology: the Science of Mind and Behaviour (2nd edn), ch. 9: Motivation. McGraw Hill Higher Education.



Neuroendocrine disorders


David A, Fleminger S, Kopelman M, et al (2009) Lishman’s Organic Psychiatry: A Textbook of Neuropsychiatry (4th edn), ch. 10, pp. 617–651. Wiley-Blackwell.


Moore DP, Puri BK (2012) Textbook of Clinical Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience (3rd edn), pp. 534–542. CRC Press.


Whitehead SA, Miell J (2013) Pituitary gland and thyroid disorders. In Clinical Endocrinology, pp. 49–158; pp. 265–334. Scion Publishing.



Neuropathology: Part 1 – dementia


Gelder M, Harrison P, Cowen P (2012) Shorter Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (6th edn) ch. 13, pp. 321–334. Oxford University Press.



Neuropathology: Part 2 – prions and HIV


Nelson M, Dockrell D, Edwards S (2011) British HIV association and British infection association guidelines for the treatment of opportunistic infection in HIV-seropositive individuals. HIV Medicine, 12: 1–140. [PDF]


Puoti G, Bizzi A, Forloni G, et al (2012) Sporadic human prion diseases: molecular insights and diagnosis. The Lancet Neurology, 11: 618–628. [abstract]


The National CJD Research and Surveillance Unit (NCJDRSU) (2012) Investigations undertaken in possible cases of human prion disease. NCJDRSU, University of Edinburgh. [PDF]


Underwood J, Winston A (2016) Guidelines for evaluation and management of cognitive disorders in HIV-positive individuals. Current HIV/AIDS Reports. [abstract]





Fear C (2004) Essential Revision Notes in Psychiatry for MRCPsych. pp.151‒157. PasTest.


Leung W, Passmore K (2004) Essential Notes in Basic Sciences for the MRCPsych, pp.114‒126. Radcliffe Publishing Ltd.


McGeown Graham J (2002) Master Medicine: Physiology, pp. 166‒169. Churchill Livingstone.





Rang HP, Dale MM, Ritter JM, et al (2007) Rang and Dale's Pharmacology (7th edn), pp. 62-63, 149 (Figure 12.8), 154-155,175-180, 442-445, 448, 449 (figure 37.1), 456, 463 Elsevier.


Stahl MS (2013) Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology – Neuroscientific basis and practical applications, (4th edn). pp.74-77, 86-87, 96-98, 142-143, 326-342, 397-399, 522-524. Cambridge University Press.



Normal ageing


Alzheimer's Society [website]


Alzheimer's Research UK [website]


Glisky E (2007) Brain Aging: Models, Methods, and Mechanisms, ch. 1. [website]


Nicholl C, Wilson KJ (2012) Lecture Notes: Elderly Care Medicine (8th edn). Special features of Medicine in the Elderly. First three pages of each chapter. Wiley-Blackwell. [Google books]


Woodford H (2010) Essential Geriatrics (2nd edn), pp. 1–20. Radcliff Publishing. [Google books]





Chamorro-Premuzic T (2007) Personality and individual differences, pp. 1–30. Blackwell Publishing.


Davey G (2008) Psychopathology, pp. 7–15, 30–45. British Psychological Society.


Wright P, Stern J, Phelan M (2005) Core Psychiatry (2nd edn), pp. 55–62, 75–77, 183. Elsevier Saunders.



Pharmacodynamics: Part 1


Anderson I, Reid C (2006) Fundamentals of clinical psychopharmacology (3rd edn). Informa Healthcare.


Arranz MJ, Kapur S (2008) Pharmacogenetics in psychiatry: Are we ready for widespread clinical use? Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34: 1130–1144. [full text]


Purves D, Augustine G, Fitzpatrick D, et al (2001) Neuroscience (2nd edn), ch. 7–8. Sinauer Associates Inc.


Stahl S (2013) Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific Basis and Practical Applications (4th edn), ch. 1–3. Cambridge University Press.



Pharmacokinetics: Part 1 – introduction 


Cowen P, Harrison P, Burns T (2012) Shorter Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (6th edn), pp. 507–557. Oxford University Press.


Taylor D, Paton C, Kapur S (2015) The Maudsley Prescribing Guidelines in Psychiatry (12th edn), pp. 1–41, 246–252, 276–279, 303–307, 477–607, 625–637, 646–650. Wiley-Blackwell.



Pharmacokinetics: Part 2 – therapeutic drug monitoring


Bauer L (2008) Applied Clinical Pharmacokinetics. McGraw-Hill Medical.


Baumann P, Hiemke C, Ulrich S, et al (2004) The AGNP-TDM expert group consensus guidelines: therapeutic drug monitoring in psychiatry. Pharmacopsychiatry, 37: 243–265. [abstract]


Gross AS (2001) Best practice in therapeutic drug monitoring. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 52: 5s–10s. [PDF]


Mitchell PB (2000) Therapeutic drug monitoring of psychotropic medications. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 49: 303–312. [full article]


Peter L (2016) Pharmacokinetics: Part 1. Trainees Online, Royal College of Psychiatrists. [online module]





Marmot M (2003) Self esteem and health. Autonomy, self esteem, and health are linked together. British Medical Journal327: 574–575. [PDF]



Social factors and specific mental health issues


Morgan C, Bhugra D (eds) (2010) Principles of Social Psychiatry (2nd edn). Wiley Blackwell.


Rogers A, Pilgrim D (2014) A Sociology of Mental Health and Illness (5th edn). Open University Press.



Social influence: leadership, power, conformity and obedience


Haslam A, Reicher SD, Platow MJ (2011) The New Psychology of Leadership: Identity, Influence and Power. Psychology Press.


Zimbardo P, Milgram S (1974) Obedience to Authority. Tavistock Publications.



States and levels of awareness


Gupta D, Gupta R (2000) Psychology for psychiatrists, ch. 3, 9 & 10. Whurr Publishers.


Reite M, Weissberg M, Ruddy J (2009) Clinical manual for evaluation and treatment of sleep disorders. American Psychiatric Publishing.


Toates F (2011) Biological Psychology (3rd edn), ch. 19, 20 & 21. Pearson Education.



Stigma and prejudice


Byrne P (2000) Stigma of mental illness and ways of diminishing it. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 6: 65–72. [full text]


Crisp AH, Gelder MG, Rix S, et al (2000) Stigmatisation of people with mental illnesses. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177: 4–7. [full text] (2013) Equality Act 2010 Guidance. [website]


Gray AJ (2002) Stigma in psychiatry. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 95: 72–76. [article



Stress: physiological and psychological aspects


Atkinson RL, Atkinson RC, Smith EE, et al (1999) Hilgard’s introduction to psychology (13th edn), ch.15. Harcount College Publishers.


Gross RD (2005) Psychology: The science of mind and behaviour (5th edn). Hodder & Stoughton. 


Harvard Medical School (2014) Understanding the stress response. Harvard Health Publications. [website]


Sadock BJ, Sadock VA (ed.), Ruiz P (ed.) (2009) Kaplan and Sadock’s comprehensive textbook of psychiatry (9th revised edn), ch. 14, 24. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


University of Washington (2014) Negative Feedback Regulation of Hormone Release in the Hypothalamic-Pituitary Axis. University of Washington Courses. [website]



The anatomy of the basal ganglia


Clark DL, Boutros NN, Mendez MF (2010) The Brain and Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Neuroanatomy (Cambridge Medicine), ch.6 (pp.94–97) and ch.7 (pp.122–134). Cambridge University Press.   


Cummings JL, Trimble MR (2002) Concise Guide to Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology (Concise Guides) (2nd edn), ch. 2. American Psychiatric Press Inc.


Lishman WA (1997) Organic Psychiatry: The Psychological Consequences of Cerebral Disorder (3rd edn), pp.639–687. Wiley-Blackwell.



The development of cerebral functions


Johns P (2014) Clinical Neuroscience: An illustrated Colour Text, pp.19–26. Churchill Livingstone.


Nelson C, Jeste S (2008) Neurobiological perspectives on developmental psychopathology. In Rutgers Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (5th edn) (eds M Rutter, D Bishop, D Pine, et al). Blackwell Publishing.



The development of language


Boyd D, Bee H (2009) Lifespan Development (5th edn), pp.130–139, 190–193, 250–259. Pearson.


Gupta D, Gupta R (2000) Psychology for Psychiatrists, pp.87–92, 96–103. Whurr Publishers Ltd.



The development of social competence and morals


Baron-Cohen S (2012) Zero Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory of Human Cruelty and Kindness. Penguin.


Gross R (2010) Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behaviour (6th edn). Hodder Education.


Gupta DS, Gupta RM (2000) Psychology for Psychiatrists. Whurr Publishing.



The development of temperament


Gross R (2010) Psychology: The science of mind and behaviour (6th edn), ch. 34. Hodder Education.


Thambirajah MS (2004) Psychological basis of psychiatry, ch.12. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.





Alarcon G, Nashef L, Cross H, et al (2009) Oxford Specialist Handbooks in Neurology, Epilepsy (1st edn), pp. 166–175. Oxford University Press.


Misulis K, Head TC (2003) Essentials of Clinical Neurophysiology (3rd edn). Butterworth-Heinemann.


Scott AIF (2007) Monitoring electroconvulsive therapy by electroencephalogram: an update for ECT practitioners. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 13: 298–304.



The functional anatomy of the brain


Blumenfeld H (2010) Neuroanatomy Through Clinical Cases (3rd edn). Palgrave.


Campbell WW (2012) DeJong's The Neurologic Examination (7th edn). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Cummings JL, Mega MS (2003) Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.


Folstein M, David A, Fleminger S, et al (2012) Lishman's Organic Psychiatry: A Textbook of Neuropsychiatry. Wiley Blackwell.


Schiffer SM, Rao BS, Fogel RB (2003) Neuropsychiatry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Valerius KP, Duncker HR (2010) Photo-Atlas of Neuroanatomy with DVD Presentation. Quintessence Publishing Company.



The internal anatomy of the temporal lobe


Crossman AR, Neary D (2014) Neuroanatomy: An Illustrated Colour Text (5th edn), pp. 141–142. Elsevier.


David AS, Fleminger S, Kopelman MD, et al (2012) Lishman’s Organic Psychiatry: A Textbook of Neuropsychiatry (4th edn). Wiley-Blackwell.


Kiernan JA (2011) Anatomy of the Temporal Lobe. Epilepsy Research and Treatment. [full text


Rajmohan V, Mohandas E (2007) The limbic system. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 49: 132–139. [full text]



The major neurochemical pathways


Purves D, Augustine GJ, Fitzpatrick D, et al (2008) Neuroscience (4th edn), ch. 6. Sinauer Associates.


Stahl SM (2013) Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific Basis and Practical Applications (4th edn), pp. 89–96, 102–114, 266, 450–452, 528, 542–543. Cambridge University Press.



The major white matter pathways


Brooks J, Tracey I (2005) From nociception to pain perception: imaging the spinal and supraspinal pathways. Journal of Anatomy, 207: 19–33. [full text]


Catani M, ffytche DH (2005) The rises and falls of disconnection syndromes. Brain, 128: 2224–2239. [full text]


Catani M, Jones DK, ffytche DH (2004) Perisylvian language networks of the human brain. Annals of Neurology, 57: 8–16. [full text]


Maheshwari M, Klein A, Ulmer JL (2012) White Matter: Functional Anatomy of Key Tracts. In Functional Neuroradiology (eds SH Faro, FB Mohamed, M Law), pp. 767–783. Springer.


Wakana S, Jiang H, Nagae-Poetscher LM, et el (2004) Fiber tract-based atlas of human white matter anatomy. Radiology, 230: 77–87. [full text]



The mental health of ethnic minorities


Berry JW (1997) Immigration, acculturation and adaptation. Applied Psychology: an international review, 46: 5–68. [abstract]


Bhugra D, Cross S (2010) Cultural Psychiatry. In: Psychiatry: An evidence-based text, Puri BK, Treasaden I (eds). Edward Arnold Ltd.



The neural and endocrine systems


Schiffer SM, Rao BS, Fogel RB (2003) Neuropsychiatry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Sembulingam K, Sembulingam P (2012) Essentials of Medical Physiology (6th edn), section 10, pp. 803–843. JAYPEE.


Snell R (2010) Clinical Neuroanatomy (7th edn) ch. 4, 9,10 and 13. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.



The physiology of arousal and sleep


Berry RB (2001) Fundamentals of Sleep Medicine, ch. 1, 3, 6–7, 29. Saunders.


Billiard M (2003) Sleep: Physiology, Investigation, and Medicine, Part 1: The Physiology of Sleep, pp.3–113. Springer.


Lockley SW, Foster RG (2012) Sleep: A Very Short Introduction, pp. 1–56. Oxford University Press.


Robotham D, Chakkalackal L, Cyhlarova E (2011) Sleep Matters: The impact of sleep on health and wellbeing, pp. 15–35. Mental Health Foundation. [PDF]



The physiology of neurons


Barker RA, Cicchetti F (2012) Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience at a Glance (4th edn), pp. 32–48. Wiley.


Kandel ER, Schwartz JH, Jessell TM (2012) Principles of Neural Science (5th edn), pp. 71–99, 126–147, 148–176, 177–188. McGraw–Hill Medical.


Leung W, Passmore K (2004) Essential Notes in Basic Sciences for the MRCPsych Part 2, pp. 114–126, 142–143. CRC Press.



The social role of doctors


Puri B, Treasaden I (2009) Illness in society and the social role of medicine. In: Psychiatry: An evidence-based text. CRC Press.


Scambler G (ed) (2008) Sociology as applied to medicine (6th edn), ch. 3–4. Saunders.


Schroeder K, Thompson T, Frith K, Pencheon D (2012) Sustainable Healthcare. John Wiley & Sons.





Gross R (2005) Psychology, ch.18. Hodder Arnold.


Smith E, Nolen-Hoeksema S, Fredrickson B, et al (2003) Atkinson and Hilgard's Introduction to Psychology, ch. 9. Wadsworth.



Types of cell found within the nervous system


Siegel A, Sapru H (2010) Essential Neuroscience, ch.5. Point (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins).


Young B, Lowe J, Stevens A, et al (2013) Wheater's Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas, ch.7. Churchill Livingstone.


Zhang S (1999) An Atlas of Histology, ch.6. Springer.

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