By the end of this module you should be able to:
- describe the ascending sensory and descending
- identify the nociceptors and their
- outline the brainstem reticular formation
function and its essential role in arousal
- describe the noradrenergic and the
dopaminergic pathways in modulating motor function, arousal and
- identify the role of the limbic system in
memory and emotions
- describe the role of the prefrontal cortex
role in executive cognitive functions
- list the involvement of various
neurotransmitters in memory, drives and emotions
- locate lesions depending on deficits in any
of the above
- describe the various disturbances of these
functions with relevance to organic and non-organic (functional)
- apply your knowledge in clinical
This module covers the information on the neural and endocrine
systems required for the MRCPsych exam.
Initially we describe the various structures
involved in daily functioning, from arousal to the more complex
executive cognitive functions, showing how to locate lesions
depending on any deficits in functioning.
We then cover memory and emotions, describing how
these develop within the neural and endocrine systems. We also
provide essential information about the various hormones involved
in hunger, thirst and sexual drives.
We recommend that you make some notes as you work through
The 'TrOn Notebook' facility can be accessed
throughout the module (allowing you to make notes on each page),
and these notes will be saved in your personal area 'My TrOn', for
future reference. However, you will not be able to print these
notes as one single document.
If you would prefer to make your notes in a
separate document you may wish to download the 'learning notes'
below. This downloadable Word document will allow you to keep a
personalised record of your learning, which you can then save
and/or print for future reference.
learning notes document for this module